Lebanon: A Case of History Education in a Sectarian Society

Paul J Yoder


This paper synthesizes the extant literature on history education in Lebanon.  The sectarian nature of the country and the recent civil war make the case of Lebanon a unique and compelling one.  Three emerging understandings underscore the complexity of history education in Lebanon.  First, Lebanon has a tradition of parochial or confessional schools dating back to the hands-off approach of the Ottoman colonial powers.  Second, the delay of a state-sanctioned national curriculum has paralyzed educators who have been left to piece together their own curriculum.  Third, the political gridlock of the country continues to make history education a contentious topic.  


social studies; history education

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