A Current Analysis of the Treatment of Japanese Americans and Internment in United States History Textbooks

Jeffrey Hawkins, Michael Buckendorf


A content analysis of ten United States history textbooks (2005-2008) was conducted by the researchers to determine the current depiction of Japanese Americans and internment during the World War II era.  This study updates and expands upon the textbooks used in prior research by Romanowski (1995), Harada (2000), and Ogawa (2004) that had numerous considerations and recommendations for future textbook authors to consider when writing their new editions.  Based on the new United States history textbook editions covered for this study, it is concluded that support of some of their considerations and recommendations were taken care of, however, unfortunately others still are not.  Additionally, a new consideration for future textbook writers is encouraged by the researchers for clarification of/from interchangeable use of the very different meaning of the terms internment, relocation, and concentration camps.  




social studies, teacher education

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